Trafficking is about :
“Trafficking in persons” shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at the minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs; …”
People who are trafficked:
- Women and children are the key target group, because of their marginalization, limited economic resources and predominance in the “invisible” informal sector.
- People from impoverished and low income households in rural areas and urban slums, especially women engaged in small farming, petty trading, vending, as labourers, scavengers and in other low status work and services.
- Ethnic minorities, indigenous people, hill tribes, refugees, and illegal migrants.
- People with low levels of education, a few years of formal schooling, some primary school education, or illiterate.
- Young girls running away from home, or girls from families that expect their daughters to financially contribute to their support are easy targets for traffickers.
- People who lack awareness of their legal rights, their exploited situation, and have no channel for seeking redress.
- Women and children of varying ages, ranging from babies to women in their seventies.
Human trafficking includes:
- a large percentage for prostitution;
- illegal adoption of children;
- organ transplants and trafficking;
- forced marriages; servile marriage; mail-order brides;
- labour trafficking; domestic servitude; forced labour; begging; other exploitative forms of work.